Carburizing is a case-hardening process in which carbon is dissolved in the surface layers of a low-carbon steel part at a temperature sufficient to render the. Gas carburizing is a surface-hardening process that is carried out at a high temperature, usually above °C. Carburizing is essentially the addition of carbon. Specialty Steel Treating is a leading provider of gas carburizing services and has been providing services for over 60 years.

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After selecting the material of interest to you, click on the Heat Treatment link to view data for the selected material. Definition – What does Gas Carburizing mean? Cr, Mo, whereas less strong formers, i. We create a carbon-rich atmosphere in the furnace with the help of gaseous hydrocarbons; methane, butane, and propane are among the most commonly used. The dependence of carbon potential on the steel composition, can be explained by the fact that in the presence of alloying elements the effective carbon potential of the atmosphere is increased be elements which form more stable carbides than iron, i.

Bessemer process Open hearth furnace Electric arc furnace Basic oxygen process. Due to the carbon content difference in the core carburjsing the case, their case hardening capability is also different. The carbon monoxide gas needs to be contained safely.

Sooting of the furnace atmosphere is minimized. The hard-wearing surface is now ready to be fashioned into a variety of elements for widespread applications. Carburizing Equipment Gas carburizing furnaces vary widely in physical construction, but they can be divided into two major categories, batch and continuous furnaces. Since K6 is temperature dependent only, it can be seen that the carbon activity can be calculated from the CO and CO2 and since the CO is relatively constant, the CO2 alone can be used.

Carburiisng Carburising Process is a surface chemistry process, which improves the case depth hardness of a component by diffusing carbon into the surface layer to improve wear and fatigue resistance. Most carburized steels are deoxidized by the addition of aluminum. The carbon potential a furnace atmosphere at a specified temperature carburieing defined as the carbon content pure iron that is in thermodynamic equilibrium with the atmosphere. Mobile Number Please enter Mobile Number.


In gas carburizing, the CO is given off by propane or natural gas. The steel components are submerged in a liquefied carbon rich environment. They are never close to equilibrium.

Carburizing Process and Techniques – Four Methods of Carburizing

We use cookies to provide you with a better gxs experience. Both the machinability of steel and its hardness depend on the amount of carbon present inside its structure. Therefore, if the carbon potential is controlled at 0. In some cases it serves as a remedy for undesired decarburization that happened earlier in a manufacturing process. Carburizing is essentially the addition of carbon at the surface of low carbon steels at appropriate temperatures.

Companies have chosen Specialty Steel Treating for generations because we deliver a consistently high-quality product time after time. Please enter full name.

Electro-slag remelting Vacuum arc remelting Argon oxygen decarburization. Temperature Time Atmosphere composition.

Carburizing is a case-hardening process in which carbon is dissolved in the surface layers of a low-carbon steel part at a temperature sufficient to render the steel austenitic, followed by quenching and tempering to form a martensitic microstructure. Methods of correcting the activity coefficient of carbon for alloy content are available. I agree to the terms and privacy policy. Eurotherm provides heat treat control solutions for both types of furnaces, as well as other metal treating processes such as:.

It has been shown that reaction 5 is times faster than reactions 4 and 6and it is therefore this that is rate determining. When the carburizing time is prolonged to obtain increased case depths, excessive free carbides may be formed. Retrieved from ” https: Customer support Technical helpdesk.

This manufacturing process can be characterized by the following key points: Where can I find a coating that is chloride and sulfur corrosion-resistant? A fixed value has to be introduced into the Carbon potential controller in the form of a Process Factor or CO factor see below. Always be ready for an Audit. The process is environmentally friendly in comparison to gaseous or solid carburizing.


Start a conversation with us Contact Us. Total Materia has allowed us to solve in a definite way all problems we had for the search of alternate materials in foreign countries.

More complex mathematical models that allow for variations in temperature and atmosphere carbon potential with time can be constructed to allow a better prediction of case depth. In the most primitive form of this process, the carbon source is so rich that the solubility limit of carbon in austenite carburisng reached at the surface of the steel and some carbides may form at the surface.

In the gas carburising process, a low carbon bearing carrier gas is used, which is enriched with a hydrocarbon gas, such as propane or methane natural gasto increase and control the carbon availability of the atmosphere. A single component environment containing uncomplicated gaseous hydrocarbon like methane is used.

Carburizing Process and Techniques – Four Methods of Carburizing

We are a unique name in the industry to provide our esteemed clients the best quality Gas Carburising Processing Service. Join us on Facebook. The provided service is carried out by our skilled team of professionals in the best possible manner. Without measuring and including the effects of free methane in the carbon calculation, the real potential of the atmosphere is not known.

A carrier gas similar in composition to Endogas produced from methane can be formed from a nitrogen-methanol blend. During the thermal cycle the components are subject to an enriched carbon atmosphere such that nascent species of carbon can diffuse into the surface layers of the component.

As a consequence, foils of a chromium-bearing steel equilibrated with a specific furnace atmosphere will take on more carbon than pure iron, and nickel-bearing steels will take on less carbon.

Process Planning Designers usually specify the case hardness, case depth, and core hardness required to meet the carburiaing loads they anticipate, for a particular part.